How Were The Poor Treated In The 19th Century?

How were the poor treated in the Victorian era?

Poor people – even children – had to work hard in factories, mines or workhouses.

They didn’t get paid very much money.

By the end of the Victorian era, all children could go to school for free.

Victorian schools were very strict – your teacher might even beat you if you didn’t obey the rules..

What was the poor law in the 19th century?

The new Poor Law ensured that the poor were housed in workhouses, clothed and fed. Children who entered the workhouse would receive some schooling. In return for this care, all workhouse paupers would have to work for several hours each day.

What was health like in the 19th century?

The late 19th century had seen great strides in public health provision and hygiene. However there was still a lot of ill-health. In 1900, life expectancy was still below 50 and 165 infants out of every 1,000 still died before their first birthday.

What pandemic was in the 1800s?

List of epidemicsEventDateDisease1800–1803 Spain yellow fever epidemic1800–1803Yellow fever1801 Ottoman Empire and Egypt bubonic plague epidemic1801Bubonic plague1802–1803 Saint-Domingue yellow fever epidemic1802–1803Yellow fever1812 Egypt bubonic plague epidemic (part of the Second plague pandemic)1812Bubonic plague92 more rows

What were the three harshest rules of the workhouse?

Workhouse rulesOr who shall make any noise when silence is ordered to be kept.Or shall use obscene or profane language.Or shall by word or deed insult or revile any person.Or shall threaten to strike or to assault any person.Or shall not duly cleanse his person.Or shall refuse or neglect to work, after having been required to do so.More items…

What did a poor Victorian child eat?

In Victorian times few slum dwellers would have had ovens or cooking utensils. Many didn’t even own plates or spoons. They lived mainly on bread, gruel and broth (made from boiling up bones). Not surprisingly, the children of the slums were undernourished, anaemic, rickety and very short.

Who were the idle poor?

On the other hand those who chose to not work but were able to were called able bodied or idle poor. These people were punished harshly with punishments including whippings. The number of able bodied poor would increase and decrease in line with how successful trade was.

Which disease was most associated with dirty water?

10 diseases that are caused by water pollution and what you can…Dysentery. Dysentery is a combination of nausea, abdominal cramps coupled with severe diarrhoea. … Arsenicosis. … Polio (Infantile Paralysis) … Trachoma (Eye Infection) … Typhoid fever. … Schistosomiasis. … Cholera. … Diarrhoea.More items…•

What was the most common disease in the 19th century?

Common Diseases occurred and took over during the 19th century in America. People were dying of diseases, such as cholera, typhus, smallpox and tuberculosis. “It was estimated that as many as 1 person in 10 died of smallpox.

What disease was in the 1720s?

The Great Plague of Marseille Western Europe’s last major outbreak of medieval plague began in 1720, when a “mortal distemper” seized the French port city of Marseille. The disease arrived on a merchant ship called the Grand Saint Antoine, which had picked up infected passengers during a journey to the Middle East.

What diseases were the primary killers in the early 19th century?

THE EARLY NINETEENTH CENTURY IN AMERICA From 1800 to about 1870, the major causes of death in children were tuberculosis, diarrhea of infancy, bacillary dysentery, typhoid fever, and the highly contagious diseases of childhood, especially scarlet fever, diphtheria, and lobar pneumonia (5).

How did the poor law treat the idle poor?

During the reign of Elizabeth I, a spate of legislation was passed to deal with the increasing problem of raising and administering poor relief. … those who could work but would not: these were the idle poor. They were to be whipped through the streets, publicly, until they learned the error of their ways.

What did poor Victorians drink?

The weekly shop could also include milk, cheese and potatoes. Poor families could only afford meat once a week – this would have been saved for Sunday lunch. Beer and gin were cheap, costing about 1d. Drink was also easier to get hold of than clean drinking water.

What percentage of Victorians were poor?

It’s necessary to actually understand what Victorian poverty was. Late 19th century Britain had some 25% of the population living at or below the subsistence level. This subsistence level is not a measure of inequality, nor of the lack of winter clothes.

How were the poor treated in the workhouse?

Upon entering the workhouse, the poor were stripped and bathed (under supervision). The food was tasteless and was the same day after day. The young and old as well as men and women were made to work hard, often doing unpleasant jobs. Children could also find themselves ‘hired out’ (sold) to work in factories or mines.