- What is IC technology?
- What is 180 nm technology in VLSI?
- What does CMOS look like?
- What does CMOS stand for?
- Why TTL is faster than DTL?
- Which logic family dissipates the minimum power?
- Why logic gates are used?
- Why is it better to only use NAND gates?
- What is TTL in Ping?
- Which is faster TTL or CMOS?
- Which is the slowest logic family?
- What are the different types of IC?
- Is CMOS an operating system?
- Why do we use CMOS?
- Which logic family has highest noise margin?
- What is TTL trigger?
- Which is faster TTL or ECL?
- Which logic family has least propagation delay?
- What is a good noise margin?
- What are the 7 logic gates?
- What is RTL DTL TTL?
- What are the advantages of TTL?
- Which logic gate is fastest?
- Which IC technology is fastest?
What is IC technology?
Integrated circuit can be defined as a set of electronic circuits integrated on a small semiconductor material plate, typically called as silicon chip.
Each IC can be very compact, containing numerous billion transistors and other components in very small area..
What is 180 nm technology in VLSI?
The 180 nm process refers to the level of MOSFET (CMOS) semiconductor process technology that was commercialized around the 1998–2000 timeframe by leading semiconductor companies, starting with TSMC and Fujitsu, then followed by Sony, Toshiba, Intel, AMD, Texas Instruments and IBM.
What does CMOS look like?
“The CMOS” is a small memory where the BIOS can store settings – it’s the same device as the clock. On the original 5150 IBM PC introduced in 1981, it did not have a CMOS – BIOS settings were controlled by DIP switches on the motherboard. … So there is no longer a separate CMOS/clock chip and hasn’t been for a long time.
What does CMOS stand for?
complementary metal oxide semiconductorSemiconductor device that serves as an “electronic eye” The working principle of a CMOS (complementary metal oxide semiconductor) image sensor was conceived in the latter half of the 1960s, but the device was not commercialized until microfabrication technologies became advanced enough in the 1990s.
Why TTL is faster than DTL?
During the transition the input transistor is briefly in its active region; so it draws a large current away from the base of the output transistor and thus quickly discharges its base. This is a critical advantage of TTL over DTL that speeds up the transition over a diode input structure.
Which logic family dissipates the minimum power?
Discussion ForumQue.The digital logic family which has minimum power dissipation isb.RTLc.DTLd.CMOSAnswer:CMOS1 more row
Why logic gates are used?
Computers need a way to manipulate those 1s and 0s, so that they can eventually do more complicated operations like calculating the 50th digit of π. Computers use logic gates to transform the 1s and 0s from input wires. A logic gate accepts inputs and then outputs a result based on their state.
Why is it better to only use NAND gates?
The NAND gate is significant because any boolean function can be implemented by using a combination of NAND gates. This property is called functional completeness. It shares this property with the NOR gate. Digital systems employing certain logic circuits take advantage of NAND’s functional completeness.
What is TTL in Ping?
It refers an aspect of the Internet Protocol. TTL is used when a “ping,” or a request for a response, is sent to another computer, such as a server. The TTL represents the number of hops, or servers in different locations, the request can travel to before returning a failed attempt message.
Which is faster TTL or CMOS?
As the CMOS consists of the FET’s and the TTL circuits are made up of BJT, CMOS chips are much faster and efficient. There is a much higher density of the logic functions in a single chip in CMOS as compared to the TTL. … CMOS chips could have the TTL logics and could be used for the replacement of the TTL IC.
Which is the slowest logic family?
Initially CMOS logic was slower than LS-TTL. However, because the logic thresholds of CMOS were proportional to the power supply voltage, CMOS devices were well-adapted to battery-operated systems with simple power supplies.
What are the different types of IC?
Integrated circuits are available in three classes based on the techniques used while manufacturing them.Thin and thick film ICs.Monolithic ICs.Hybrid or multichip ICs.
Is CMOS an operating system?
The BIOS is a small program that controls the computer from the time it powers on until the time the operating system takes over. The BIOS is firmware, and thus cannot store variable data. CMOS is a type of memory technology, but most people use the term to refer to the chip that stores variable data for startup.
Why do we use CMOS?
CMOS technology is used for constructing integrated circuit (IC) chips, including microprocessors, microcontrollers, memory chips (including CMOS BIOS), and other digital logic circuits. … Two important characteristics of CMOS devices are high noise immunity and low static power consumption.
Which logic family has highest noise margin?
Also note that the noise margin in CMOS is higher than the noise margin in TTL for 5 volt logic levels.
What is TTL trigger?
A TTL trigger mode obviates the need for any LEVEL setting and thus results in a proper display in most cases. TTL triggering makes the oscilloscope partially immune to noise or ringing present in the trigger signal.
Which is faster TTL or ECL?
ECL | Emitter Coupled Logic ECL eliminates saturation and improves speed but uses more power than other logic families such as TTL and CMOS. ECL is fastest logic family among all and this is due to avoidance of saturation region for application. … ECL gates provide both true as well as complemented outputs.
Which logic family has least propagation delay?
5. Which of the following logic families has the shortest propagation delay? Explanation: AS-TTL (Advanced Schottky) has a maximum clock frequency that is 105 MHz. So, the propagation delay will be given by 1/105 sec which is the lowest one.
What is a good noise margin?
The ‘Noise margin’ value should be 6 dB and higher. … 11 dB to 20 dB is a good line, no problems with synchronization; 21 dB to 28 dB is a very good line; 29 dB and above is a perfect line.
What are the 7 logic gates?
The basic logic gates are classified into seven types: AND gate, OR gate, XOR gate, NAND gate, NOR gate, XNOR gate, and NOT gate. The truth table is used to show the logic gate function. All the logic gates have two inputs except the NOT gate, which has only one input.
What is RTL DTL TTL?
Transistor-transistor logic (TTL) is a class of digital circuits built from bipolar junction transistors (BJT) and resistors. … *TTL contrasts with the preceding resistor-transistor logic (RTL) and diode-transistor logic (DTL) generations by using transistors not only to amplify the output but also to isolate the inputs.
What are the advantages of TTL?
Advantages and Disadvantages of TTL Logic GatesTTL family is the fastest saturating logic family (working in between the saturation and cut-off modes). … Typical supply voltage is only +5 V with a permitted variation of ±0.25 V. … It has good noise immunity. … Power dissipation is in the range of several mW only. … TTL gates are compatible with other logic families.More items…•
Which logic gate is fastest?
Emitter-coupled logicEmitter-coupled logic (ECL) is a BJT-based logic family which is generally considered as the fastest logic available.
Which IC technology is fastest?
The Fastest Integrated Circuit Northrop Grumman’s Terahertz Monolithic Integrated Circuit (TMIC) was developed as part of DARPA’s Terahertz Electronics program, which aims to introduce the next generation of high-performance electronics that push performance levels above the 1 terahertz center frequency range.